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For the aspiring artist, anything can be used for art. Anything. And for a gifted few, glass is the material of their choice. Glass making has been around for quite a long time, and a lot of people consider the craft itself as a method of creating works of art. Today there are thousands of glasswork made by both amateurs and professionals all over the world, each so beautiful and breathtaking that you’d take off your sunglasses to marvel at it with your own eyes.

Below are five samples of glass art; we’ll cite just a few so you can better appreciate each in all its glory.


Stained Glass Dome Ceiling in Chicago

Stained Glass Dome Ceiling in Chicago

The Chicago Cultural Center is an 1897 landmark where the city’s mayor welcomed Presidents and royalty, as well as countless diplomats and leaders. Though initially built as a public library, it’s mostly used as a center for the arts and culture as instigated by the Commissioner of Cultural Affairs Lois Weisberg. One of its attractions is the Preston Bradley Hall, a large and ornate room lined with Carrara marble and capped with a 38-foot glass dome. Designed by artist J.A. Holtzer, this fantastic room is said to be the world’s largest Tiffany dome.


Sainte-Chapelle Stained Glass in France

Sainte-Chapelle Stained Glass in France

Built sometime after 1239 and consecrated in April 26, 1248, the Sainte-Chapelle is considered to be the best Gothic architecture constructed during the Raonnant period and as one of the oldest surviving buildings of the Capetian royal palace on the Île de la Cité. It also has one of the most extensive collections of 13th century stained glass in the world, each window presenting a different icon. For example, the three windows of the eastern apse feature from left to right the Infancy of Christ, The Passion and the Life of John the Evangelist. In contrast, the nave windows feature Old Testament images. Some of the glass arts were even commissioned by King Louis IX himself!

Glass Windows of Grossmünster Cathedral in Switzerland

Glass Windows of Grossmünster Cathedral in Switzerland

Legends say that the Grossmünster (“great minster”) was founded by Charlemagne himself. Today, it’s one of the three major churches in Zurich, and its Romanesque style makes it a monument of art in its own right. The cathedral features unusual stained-glass windows, although they would appear somewhat ordinary to inexpert eyes. In fact, each of the glass used contains slices of agate. Aside from this, the church also underwent some renovations that added new artworks; in 2009, twelve exquisite windows designed by Sigmar Polke was installed, making the venue more striking than ever.


Ben Young’s Seascape Glass Sculptures

Ben Young sculpture

Glass art isn’t limited to stained glass windows found in buildings all over the world. Inspired by the oceans and waves as well as the landscape and geography of his native homeland New Zealand, Sydney-based artist Ben Young presents a series of amazing glass sculptures. The sample photo is only one of them. His works captured the attention and admiration of many that it’s put on display in the Kirra Gallery in Melbourne. You can also view it through Young’s Facebook page.

Swine Flu Virus Glass Model

Swine Flu glass model

Many artists have made colorful and beautiful statues and models with it as well! This particular piece is made by Luke Jerram shows us what a Swine Flu bacterium looks like, up close and personal. This artwork is one among many featured in Jerram’s on-going series Glass Microbiology.

These are just some of the well-known glass artworks. Keep in mind that there are thousands of other glass masterpieces out there, made by famous or unknown artists. Even you can make one of your own, and someday have your own fair share of admirers as well!

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Eyeglasses and contact lenses aren’t just used to improve your vision, but also to make yourself more stylish. The question is: How much are you willing to pay for it? While many of these eyewear come in affordable prices, others are for sale at such spectacularly prices so high that only the richest among the rich would even think twice before getting them. (Seriously, you could buy a brand new car with all that money!)

In case you’re still thinking of buying one though, or at least browsing through it, check out some of these insanely expensive and valuable eyewear.


Cartier Paris 18k Gold Sunglasses

Cartier Paris 18k Gold Sunglasses

What’s the best use for 18-carat gold? According to Cartier Paris, to make a fashion statement! And that they did with this eyewear! This pair of shades contains gold around its lenses. As if that’s not enough, it’s also studded by 7.5-carat diamonds. Finishing the product are sleek, black temple and temple tips. With such expensive materials used as well as the quality it exhibits, you can get this eyewear for USD 25,000.


Gold and Wood 119 Diamond Glasses

Gold and Wood 119 Diamond Glasses

Gold and Wood has been known to produce high-end eyewear since 1995. This particular model has a black buffalo horn style, and it features 119 diamonds placed around the lenses and the nose bridge. This makes the glasses extremely reflective and easy to spot; you’ll hardly lose this pair of spectacles anywhere you go. Losing it would be like throwing away USD 30,000, ‘cause that’s how much it costs to get one!


Bulgari Flora Sunglasses

Bulgari Flora Sunglasses

Bulgari (it’s spelled B-V-L-G-A-R-I) features some of the most elegant line of eyewear in the world. One of these is the Flora sunglasses. This particular Bulgari eyepiece is lined with 18-carat white gold and loaded by diamonds, sapphires and other aquamarine accents. The frames are sleek and smooth black, and the temples have a unique design. Its inherent glint makes it easy to spot, so accidentally losing it would be pretty difficult. It costs USD 59,000, although you could get a base model at around USD 25,000.


Cartier Panthere Glasses

Cartier Panthere Glasses

Another eyewear made by Cartier, this model is known for the unique crouching panther accent on each of its temples. These are gilded with 18-carat white gold and studded with 561 cut diamonds and 645 cut blue sapphires. Overall, the product has an elegant design, luster and glimmer. Anyone who wants a pair must be willing to pay the price, which currently amounts to as high as USD 159,000. Oh by the way, you have to place your order, too.


Chopard Sunglasses

Chopard Sunglasses

This eyewear features 51 4-carat river diamonds, fully cut to make each of them visible. Its tips are trimmed with 24-carat gold, intricately designed to have small holes in it as well as a large letter C to represent Chopard. Unfortunately for most of us, such high-quality product comes in even higher prices, and this pair of shades comes in an astounding USD 400,000!


Despite the prices, many people would still do just about anything just to get their hands on these fantastic eyewear, that are more of a status symbol and fashion statement more than anything. At the end of the day, though, what matters is how well these spectacles can serve you visually.

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People face eye problems from time to time. Some situations are quite minor and ordinary, like near- or far-sightedness, which only require eyeglasses or contact lenses; and sore or red eyes that can be treated with a few eye drops easily enough. Other cases require more medical attention, usually requiring your ophthalmologist or even your surgeon to intervene. Among the latter are diseases so strange and mind-boggling that it would leave you scared senseless. Let’s take a look at some of them:



Eye Paralysis

Oculomotor Nerve Palsy is caused by damage to the entire or part of the third cranial nerve in the eye. Believe it or not, it’s actually a common eye problem, albeit more bizarre than some. It usually appears as a side effect of another illness such as diabetes, heart diseases, aneurysm, and atherosclerosis. It’s also believed to be a hereditary condition, and even those suffering from cerebral palsy are susceptible. Treatment depends entirely on the cause; better consult your doctor immediately should any symptoms occur.


Star-Shaped Cataract

Getting cataracts after an eye injury is common, as the shock can leave your pupils damaged that can result in wholly or partially opaque vision. However, there are rare instances where the cataracts come out in a star-shaped form. One such case involves an Autrian citizen who complained of deteriorating vision after a brawl nine months ago. The doctor who examined him noted the star-shaped cataract that formed on his pupils. Another case occurred in 2004 in California where an electrician accidentally touched an exposed wire, causing 14,000 volts to course through his body. Though miraculously alive, he suffered afterward from a damaged optical nerve and a star-shaped cataract. Luckily for both patients, their condition could be treated with surgery.


Ocular Herpes

Herpetic Simplex Keratitis is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV), the cause of the genital STD, and it is one of the most common sources of cornea-derived blindness in many countries. Symptoms include infection of eye lids and conjunctiva, eye redness, headaches, and photophobia. Treatment depends on how severe the case is; epithelial keratitis is remedied by tropical anti-viral medicines like Aciclovir ointment and Trifluridine eye drops; while stromal keratitis need prednisolone drops every 2 hours accompanied with some prophylactic anti-viral drugs.


You’ve probably seen lots of movies and documentaries where characters or statues cried tears of blood. But did you know that there’s actually a condition in real life where patients do exactly that? You’d better believe it, buddy! Haemolacria is not actually a disease, more like one of a symptom that would lead to one. However, that doesn’t make it any less scary! Unfortunately for us, not much is known about this eye problem. As of now, there are only three documented cases of haemolacria recorded. Causes and treatment is still being speculated or researched.



There are lots of bizarre diseases out there, not just for your eyes but for your other body parts, too (Remember that guy who has a tooth in his nose? Yikes!). Better consult your ophthalmologist should you show any eye-related symptom, even if it seems harmless. Better safe than sorry!

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Simply put, color blindness is the inability or decreased ability to see color, or at least to differentiate varying colors. You mustn’t mistake it for blindness since someone afflicted with this disorder can still see clearly; he or she only has deficiency with color vision. And you ought to know that color blindness comes in different types, which will be discussed below. Using corrective lenses or even tinted sunglasses won’t remedy it; as of now, there is no known and proven treatment for color vision deficiency.

But first, let’s talk about how color vision works. The human eye normally has rods and cones, photoreceptors to help us perceive light and color. We have around 120 million rods which are sensitive to light and 6 to 7 million cones to help us perceive color. These cones are subdivided into three types: the S-cones for short wavelength light (for the color blue); the M-cone for medium wavelength light (for the color green); and the L-cone for large wavelength light (for the color red). All three cones must function together for us to perceive varying shades of colors.

So without further ado, let’s take a look at some types of color blindness:

pleasantville monochrome


This is the condition where an organism only has one type of cone cell for color vision, limiting its ability to perceive color. Though it’s more often found in animals, humans can sometimes be also afflicted. It has two types, Rod Monochomacy, wherein a person has no cone cell in the eye at all; and Cone Monochromacy, wherein a person has both rods and cones but only a single functioning cone. The best known disorder associated with monochromacy is Achromatopsia. People with this syndrome can only see things in black and white, and they also suffer from decreased visual acuity, iris operating abnormalities and other symptoms.


pleasantville colours 2


People with dichromacy only have two functioning cone cells. It is subdivided into three types: Tritanopia, where the patient can’t see blue due to missing or malfunctioning S-cones; Deuteranopia, where the patient can’t see green due to missing or malfunctioning M-cones; and Protanopia, where the patient can’t see red due to missing or malfunctioning L-cones. Each of these types disables a person’s ability to see one of the three primary colors or at least diminishes their ability to see that specific palette.


pleasantville colours

Anomalous Trichromacy

People with this type of color blindness have all three types of cones, but these cells don’t function perfectly. The sensitivity in one or two of the cones would increase from time to time, resulting in a vision somewhat similar to that of people with dichromacy. It is also subdivided into three types: Protanomaly, Deutranomaly, and Tritanomaly. Each of these represents the human eye’s complete or decreased ability to perceive red, green and blue respectively.


As mentioned earlier, there is still no known and proven cure for color blindness. If you suspect that you or a family member may be color blind, especially children, get a proper diagnosis from your trusted ophthalmologist immediately.


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As you’ve probably heard or read hundreds of times before, taking care of your eyes is very important for your overall health. But that does not mean taking every bit of optical advice to heart. After all, not all people who claim to be eye professionals are telling the truth; you’d be better off with certified and qualified doctors!

While finding a ophthalmologist is easy these days, back then was a different story. In the past there were many eye-related false medicines and therapies, all of them as effective for the vision impaired as wearing spectacles with no corrective lenses in the eyeglass frames. Many were fooled, costing them tons of money and worse eye conditions. Here are some examples of quackery that wouldn’t help you get better eyesight or health:


Bates Method

bates method

Named after eye physician William Horatio Bates, this alternative therapy aims to improve eyesight. According to Bates, all optical problems are effects of physical strain on the yes, and that “relaxing” it can help improve vision. He dismissed eyewear as harmful and useless, recommending patients to expose their eyes to sunlight instead as he claimed this would also help reduce strain. He even made a self-published book about his treatments, all centering on eye movements and visualization. The Bates method is criticized as ineffective and dangerous. Exposing your eyes to sunlight for too long can damage it and not wearing spectacles can lead to serious accidents and injuries.




This alternative medicine technique claims that characteristics in the human iris can be examined to determine a patient’s overall health. Doctors who specialize in it have iris charts, which have specific zones that pertain to a certain part of the human body. Iridology is considered a pseudoscience due to its lack of support from quality research studies and the failure of its practitioners to provide irrevocable proof of its authenticity. In 1979, Bernard Jensen and three other iridologists were asked to examine photographs of 143 patient’s irises to determine which among them have kidney disease (there are 48) and which have not. Suffice it to say that they failed the test—big time!


Chromo therapy


Another study considered as pseudoscience, chromo or color therapy is the use of light and color to balance the human “internal energy,” physical, mental, emotional and spiritual. This quack therapy has been around as early as 980 A.D. when Avicenna discussed the importance of color in diagnosing and treating different diseases in his book, The Canon of Medicine. However, modern research has proven that it’s an ineffective treatment to eye problems. Take note, though, that chromo therapy should not be confused with other types of light therapy which are scientifically proven to cure certain medical conditions. And it should not also be mistaken for photobiology, the study of interactions of living organisms and light.


These treatments won’t do your eyes any good; in fact, it can make your condition worse! So don’t try any of these quack alternatives—ever. In case you’re having eye problems, better make an appointment with a reputable ophthalmologist.

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